Urban coyotes have developed a different lifestyle from coyotes in rural environments. Cities support larger populations of animals in close proximity to people for the following reasons: 1) Increased access to food. People provide easy access to large supplies of food by leaving pet food, bird seed, unsecure compost or trash and fallen fruits in yards. Unintentional and intentional feeding of coyotes encourages bold behavior and increases aggression towards people and pets. Intentional feeding makes people a target source of food. 2) Increased access to water. Year-round water supplies in cities from man-made ponds, lakes, flood control channels, pet water dishes, pools, fountains etc. increase water for prey animals and coyotes. 3) Increased potential shelter. Parks, golf courses, buildings, vehicles, sheds, decks, crawl spaces, overgrown vegetation, among others increase the amount and variability of coyote shelters. Steps must be taken to address: safety concerns, misconceptions, and appropriate responses to potential threats to human safety. Coyotes can easily remain close to people, pets, homes and businesses without detection. 4) Increased exposure to people. Regular interaction between coyotes and people without negative consequences encourages habituation or increases comfort levels with human contact. People are, or may be, disregarded as a source of danger. 5) Increased exposure to pets. Pets are a normal part of an urban landscape. To urban coyotes they are considered other animals in their habitat. Pets can be considered, potential prey, or a potential competitor in coyote territory.